These claims are held either by The Paris Club member States directly, or through their appropriate institutions (especially export credit or official development aid agencies) on behalf of the member States.
Cuba owes $35.193 billion, which makes it The Paris Club's 2nd most indebted nation.
This represents a $5 billion increase from 2011.
That same year, Indonesia was the largest debtor with $40.679 billion owed. Yet, this year, Indonesia's debt has decreased to $29.297 billion.